Home > Tours > Asia Tours > China Tours > Mongolia: Steppes, Deserts & Nomads - Naadam Festival

Mongolia: Steppes, Deserts & Nomads - Naadam Festival

  No Trip Reviews No Booking FeesDedicated Consultant
Sold Out
 Trip Length
15 Days
 Trip Starts
 Trip Finishes
15 Day Mongolia: Steppes, Deserts & Nomads - Naadam Festival Itinerary (Exodus)
Countries Explored: Mongolia
Trip Operator:
Max. Group Size
Easy / Leisurely
Trip Style
Guide Level:
Fully Guided
Trip Code


Book online and enjoy exclusive savings on Exodus 15 Day Mongolia: Steppes, Deserts & Nomads - Naadam Festival. The rolling steppe of Central Asia makes way to stark desert; across this vast landscape, nomadic ger camps are peppered, camels and goats are herded on horseback, fermented mare’s milk is the tipple of choice, dunes sing and the first intact dinosaur eggs were found. Genghis Khan went forth from here to conquer the biggest land empire in history and, to this day, Buddhist and Animist traditions mix.

In July, all over the country, people unite to compete in wrestling, archery,...read more horse racing and ankle-bone flicking during the Naadam Festival but traditions can be witnessed throughout the year. We travel through steppe, mountain and the Gobi Desert exploring the nature and culture of this fascinating, yet little known, country.

This itinerary is for the departure starting in Ulaanbaatar on 30 June 2024.


The adventure begins in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia. There are no activities planned for today to allow for different arrival times and to rest after the flight. However, if you arrive into Ulaanbaatar early, you could explore some of the city sites, including: Sukhbaatar Square (the main square), the National Museum and the landmark State Department Store Stay: Corporate Hotel (or similar).

As we head out of Ulaanbaatar city, we visit the giant Genghis Khan statue at Tsonjin Boldog. Standing 130ft (40m) tall, the statue depicts the Mongolian ruler astride his horse and sits atop the visitor centre (itself 33ft/10m tall). It is possible to climb onto the horse's head to get a closer look at Genghis Khan's face.

After, we continue to Terelj National Park, a large, protected area of green mountain meadows filled with edelweiss and other wildflowers. The contrast to the Gobi Desert is striking and it feels like being in a different country. We visit the Tibetan-style Aryabal Temple, a mountainside meditation centre with sweeping views over the national park. As we follow the walk up to the temple, we can read the inspirational sayings on placards every few steps. The climb to the temple is not difficult but does involve many steps and can be tiring.

Tonight, we have our first night sleeping in a ger. Stay: Ger camp (B/L/D).

We drive towards Kharkhorin, making a detour to Khustain Nuruu National Park, two hours' west of Ulaanbaatar. Khustain Nuruu is famous for the re-introduction of Przewalski's horses (also known as takhi horses), which were once native to Mongolia and almost became extinct earlier in the 20th century. Through the efforts of several Mongolian and international organisations, these magnificent wild horses now roam in the steppes of the national park once again. We visit the Project Information Centre and take a guided hike to see the wild horses. Stay: Ger camp (B/L/D).

We continue our drive to Karakorum, the 13th-century capital of the Mongol Empire, making a brief stop to see the dunes of the Little Gobi along the way. Karakorum was established by Ogedei Khan and remained the Mongol powerbase until Khublai Khan established Beijing as the capital. Erdene Zuu (Hundred Treasures) Monastery was the largest monastery in Mongolia, built in 1586 under the direction of Abtai Khan on the ruins of the ancient capital. Much of the monastery was destroyed during Stalin's purges of the 1930s, but an impressive wall with 108 stupas and several temples remain. After lunch, we visit the monastery, the modern Karakorum Museum and the surrounding area. Stay: Ger camp (B/L/D).

We continue along the paved road to Arvaikheer, the capital of Ovorkhangai Aimag, on the northern edge of the Gobi Desert. On the way, we visit the Shankh Monastery, once the home of the great Mongolian theologist Zanabazar. We should arrive at Arvaikheer mid-afternoon.

In the afternoon, we have time to visit the local museum, which contains nature collections, stone figures and Turkic scripts, and possibly go to a local market. Stay: Standard hotel (B/L/D).

Today is a long day as we head properly off the tourist route into some of the wilder parts of the Gobi Desert. After an early breakfast, we start our journey and rapidly leave the paved road behind. The landscape changes as we head deeper into the Gobi and the majestic Ikh Bogd should be visible in the distance, the highest mountain in the Gobi Altai mountain range. Eventually, after about nine hours of travelling (with stops), we arrive at our ger camp in the wilderness. This is the longest day's driving but is also a trip highlight as we pass through some of the most spectacular scenery in Mongolia. Stay: Ger camp (B/L/D).

After going over a desert pass and visiting the quartz-rich White Cave, our journey continues through classic Gobi Desert scenery of flat stony plains mixed with small rocky outcrops and patches of sand across the Khatan Suudal Steppe. We stop for a picnic lunch on the way, with views of Arts Bogd mountain to the north. We head off to the Kongoriin Els dunes, arriving in the late afternoon. Stay: Ger camp (B/L/D).

We have a full day to explore the dunes and surrounding area. The Khongoriin Els stretch for 125mi (200km) and are as high as 985ft (300m) in places. They are known as the Singing Dunes because of the beautiful sound that resonates through them on a windy day. The South Gobi has 100,000 camels, typically used by herders for transportation of their gers. We have the opportunity today to visit a camel-breeding family and glimpse the way of life of the nomadic herders of these parts. Stay: Ger camp (B/L/D).

This morning, we drive through Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park. Gobi Gurvansaikhan means Three Beauties of the Gobi and this range marks the eastern end of the Gobi Altai range. The park landscape is extremely varied, with rocky and sandy desert plains, precipitous cliffs and ravines, salt pans and oases. We visit a spectacular natural sight of this region, Yolyn Am.

The name means Vulture's Mouth and it is a canyon so deep and narrow that winter ice can remain on the valley floor even in the height of summer. This region is also renowned for the diversity of its wildlife and many endangered species live here, including khulan, ibex, argali and elusive snow leopards. We visit a museum and explore the canyon before transferring to a nearby ger camp for dinner and overnight. Stay: Ger camp (B/L/D).

Today we have time to relax in our luxury ger camp. Either in the morning or afternoon, we drive 45mi (70km) to Bayanzag. Known as the Flaming Cliffs, their red/ochre colour can be striking and we have the opportunity for a short hike among sands of red, yellow and orange. Bayanzag is a world-renowned dinosaur fossil exploration site, discovered in the 1920s by Mongolian and American palaeontologists. We are free to explore the region and may even be lucky enough to spot dinosaur fossils. We later return to our ger camp. Stay: Ger camp (B/L/D).

We leave the Gobi Desert and fly back to Ulaanbaatar. Our flight time determines when we get back to Ulaanbaatar. Stay: Corporate Hotel (or similar) (B/L/D).

We visit the Gandan Monastery, the largest functioning lamasery in Mongolia and the seat of Buddhist studies in the country. Here we may see monks praying and the 65ft (20m) gold-and-bronze statue of Migjid Janraisig. You also attend the horse racing in Khui Doloon Khudag and witness cultural events in Sukbaatar Square ahead of the Naadam Festival opening. Stay: Corporate Hotel (or similar) (B/L/D).

The Naadam Festival celebrates the ‘three games of men' (or Erin Gurvan Naadam) : wrestling, horse racing and archery. More recently, a fourth game, knuckle-bone flicking, was added to the competitions. The festival is celebrated throughout the country but the biggest is in Ulaanbaatar. Over the next two days, we attend the grand opening ceremony before we watch Mongolians compete in all four sports.

We also mingle with hordes of Mongolian spectators as the grounds around the stadium (where wrestling, archery and bone-flicking take place) and the horse races are filled with stands selling food, games, flags and various other things. The atmosphere is a big part of the experience and many Mongolians dress in their best traditional clothes for the occasion. In 2010, the festival was entered into the Unesco Intangible Cultural Heritage list and is a great celebration of the Central Asian nation's culture. Stay: Corporate Hotel (or similar) (B/L/D).

The tour ends after breakfast and we begin our return journeys home, full of tales and magnificent photos to share (B).

Trip Inclusions

  • Discover the spectacularly varied Mongolian landscape: rolling steppe, mountains and deserts
  • Sleep in traditional-style ger camps (Mongolian tents)
  • Experience Karakorum, the ancient capital of the Mongol Empire
  • See the rolling dunes and landscape of the Gobi Desert
  • Interact with one of the last remaining nomadic cultures in the world
  • Enjoy the wrestling, archery, horse riding and bone flicking of the Naadam Festival

  • Six nights in hotels and eight nights in ger camps
  • Travel by 4×4 Jeeps, bus and one internal flight
  • Some long drives through very remote country
  • Eagle Festival and non-festival departures also available
  • Alternative Naadam itinerary for 9 July departure
  • All breakfasts, lunch and dinners
  • Tour leader throughout

  • Itinerary and inclusions are subject to change
  • Price is for land, cruise and internal flights as specified. Flights not specified are not included
About Exodus Travels
About Exodus Travels

From classic small group tours & family adventures, to walking holidays, cycling trips and self-guided tours. Read more

Exodus Trip Leaders
Exodus Trip Leaders

Exodus chooses their Leaders carefully. Professional, dedicated and are passionate about sharing their home countries. Read more

Accommodation with Personality
Accommodation with Personality

Wherever possible, Exodus chooses properties that are locally owned and that reflect the area you are visiting. Read more

Prices & Dates

There are currently no departures available on this trip. Either it's the end of the season and new departures will be released shortly, or this itinerary has been changed and will no longer continue. Feel free to contact us for information about when next seasons dates will be released or click here to view the general release dates for all destinations.

Tour & cruises prices are per person. Prices shown have savings applied, are subject to availability and may be withdrawn at any time without notice. Prices and trip information are correct at the time at this point in time, however are subject to confirmation at the time of booking and are subject to change by Exodus.

Similar Tours

16 Day India Tiger Safari (Exodus)

16 Days Delhi Delhi

Operated By: Exodus

From 6,349
Save 140
16 Day Everest Base Camp Trek (Exodus)

16 Days Kathmandu Kathmandu

Operated By: Exodus

From 4,405
Save 444
16 Day Peaks of Ladakh Trek (Exodus)

16 Days Delhi Delhi

Operated By: Exodus

From 5,046
Save 136
16 Day Tajikistan Expedition: Pamir Highway & beyond (Exodus)

16 Days Dushanbe Dushanbe

Operated By: Exodus

From 8,672
Save 177